Wednesday, August 13, 2014

Running Selenium Webdriver script in different browsers

In cross browser testing, we need to run selenium webdriver script on different browser like Firefox, Chrome and Internet Explorer etc. In order to do that we need to declare the webdriver for different browsers.

Firefox:
There is a Firefox driver class at Selenium webdriver package.
import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;
The driver declaration will be :
In Java,
Webdriver driver=new FirefoxDriver();
Internet Explorer:
In case  of internet Explorer, the implementation is different. You have to download the internet explorer driver server from http://docs.seleniumhq.org/download/ page at the section “The Internet Explorer Driver Server”. There are two version present for windows 32 bit and 64 bit version. Download your appropriate version and Unzip the folder and rename it and place it in a suitable place of your project. There is a single executable file on the folder in named “IEDriverServer.exe”.
We need to add a package for this IE.
(In Java)
import org.openqa.selenium.ie.InternetExplorerDriver;

In driver declaration section, at first we have to define the path where this file is located using setProperty() function that takes the browser specific driver name and downloaded driver file path as the argument.

System.setProperty(DriverName, FilePath);

Here DriverName is in format like "webdriver.ie.driver". FilePath is like “C:\\Development\\…….\\IE Driver\\IEDriverServer.exe"

So the implementation will be (In Java),
System.setProperty("webdriver.ie.driver", "C:\\Development\\IE Driver\\IEDriverServer.exe");

The driver declaration will be (In Java),
Webdriver driver=new InternetExplorerDriver();

Chrome:
In case  of Chrome, the implementation is different but almost same IE driver described before. You have to download the Chrome driver server from https://code.google.com/p/selenium/wiki/ChromeDriver page. Click on “Download Driver” link will go to download page where there are different versions of drivers are displayed. Download the latest version. Unzip the folder and rename it and place it in a suitable place of your project. There is a single executable file on the folder in named “chromedriver.exe”.
We need to add a package for Chrome.
(In Java)
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
In driver declaration section, at first we have to define the path where this file is located using setProperty() function that takes the browser specific driver name and downloaded driver file path as the argument. So the implementation will be
(In Java),
System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver", "C:\\Development\\chromedriver_win32\\chromedriver.exe");
The driver declaration will be (In Java),
 Webdriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
After driver declaration, your webdriver script will be same for all the three browsers.

In future post, I will describe on other browsers like opera and safari. Thanks !!